Pongal or Thai Pongal is one of the most important festivals in the Tamil calendar. The festival lasts for four days. Each day is dedicated to someone or something which plays a great role in harvesting. The four-day harvest festival is celebrated and dedicated to the Sun God.
Lohri is a harvest festival, celebrated to mark the end of the winter crop, which is now ready to be harvested. It also celebrated for the remembrance of the Sun God, Surya, who is offered prayers and gratitude for blessing devotees with his presence. According to the Indian calendar, Lohri falls in the month of Pausha, which is celebrated on the 13th of January every year. Lohri is followed by the festival of kites, Makar Sankranti, which marks the beginning of the summer months.
The next day after Lohri is celebrated as Makara Sankranti (also spelt Makar Sankranti or Sankranthi). It is a mid-winter Hindu festival which is celebrated in India and Nepal. The festival is celebrated to mark the transition of the Sun from Sagittarius to Capricorn during the winter solstice in the northern hemisphere. In this festival, people fly kites in the sky, which is to thank the god of the sun, Surya Dev. The famous Kumbh Mela is also held on Makar Sankranti every 12 years. Hindus gather in large numbers to take a holy dip at Ganga Sagar on this day every year.
Magh Bihu also known as Bhogali Bihu, is a harvest festival celebrated in Assam, India. This festival marks the end of harvesting season in the month of Maagha, according to Hindu Calendar i.e, January–February.
The festival is marked by feasts and bonfires. Young people erect make shift-huts, known as meji, from bamboo, leaves and thatch and then burn the huts the next morning. The celebrations also feature traditional Assamese games such as tekeli bhonga (pot-breaking) and buffalo fighting.